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9/10/2011

Sanbaso Dancer

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Sanbasoo 三番叟 Sanbaso Dancer

sanba sarugaku 三番猿楽 Sanbaso, Sambaso

Sanbaso is an auspicious dance, often performed during the New Year season.
It started in the ninth century as a dance to avoid earthquakes.
It is also performed during wedding ceremonies or other auspicious events. At the beginning of a puppet theater evening, it starts the program.




Sanbaso Bunraku puppet performance 寿二人三番叟

It is the figure of an old man, "Ogina 翁 " in the Noh theater, performed by an actor of Kyogen comic interludes..

The dancer is clad in a special robe with a large eboshi hat and holds a fan and a bell.
At the end of the dance, he recites:
"We are fortunate that this generation has gained peace."


In Kabuki, the Ogina performs the dance by himself.

There are various varieties:

kotobuki sanbasoo 寿式三番叟 auspicious Sanbaso
shita dashi sanbaso 舌出し三番 sticking the tongue out
hinazuru sanbaso 雛鶴(ひなづる)三番 baby crane
sarashi sanbaso 晒(さらし)三番
... shiki sanban 式三番(しき-さん-ばん)
futari sanbaso 二人三番

. ayatsuri sanbaso 操り三番叟 Sambaso marionette Kabuki dance

. Kyogen and Sanbaso .




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source : cyarinko.ikora

Monkey performing the Sanbaso Dance

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Stamp for 1953









New Year Stamp from the year 2004

. Stamps with Folk Toys 切手 .

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. Yamaguchi clay toy 山口人形 .


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shita dashi sanbaso 舌出し三番 sticking the tongue out

. Folk Toys from Nagasaki .

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Two shrine performances in April

Oyazawa no ningyoo sanbasoo
親沢の人形三番叟 

. . . CLICK here for Photos !


Shrine Negamisha 根神社の三番叟 

. . . CLICK here for Photos !


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Sanbaso monkey from Ishikawa 猿の三番叟

papermachee doll
(He is the model for the New Year stamp of 1992.)




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Sanbasoo mawashi 三番叟まわし Sanbaso visiting homes

performed during the New Year in Tokushima 徳島県
with puppets of the Awa region

This is a special local tradition.
The puppets are carried around from house to house to wish luck for the New Year. The puppeteers wear traditional robes with the family crest.

. . . CLICK here for Photos !

Awa deku hako mawashi 阿波木偶箱廻し
touring the town with puppets

Reference : www.pref.tokushima.jp

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New Year Decoration お正月飾り
papermachee doll





kokeshi こけし wooden doll with Sanbaso dancer

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source : asahi-net.or.jp

tako sanbasoo 蛸三番叟 tako sanba 蛸三番
octopus dancing the Sanbaso


. Funado, 船渡の張り子 papermachee dolls from Funado . - Saitama

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quote
神明社 三番叟 Shinmeisha Sanba-sou 
The Sanbaso Dance at Shinmeisha Shrine


Shinmeisha Shrine in the Naka area in Nishiizu Town, Shizuoka Prefecture, is an old shrine, which was relocated to the present place in 1600.

The Sanbaso dance dedicated at this shrine on the evening of November 2 and on the morning of November 3 every year is performed as a Japanese-styled puppet play (Ningyo-Joruri). It is said that this is one of the Ningyo-Joruri performances that were introduced to this area during the Edo period (1603-1868).

The doll performance is dedicated to give thanks to nature and to pray for a rich harvest, family safety, national peace and prevention of diseases.

The dedicated play “Okina” is a drama in Kabuki style, which is originally a repertoire of the Noh play. Each of the three dolls, Chitose, Okina and Sanbaso, is about 1 meter tall and operated by two local young men. Taking charge of operating different parts of the doll, the two doll handlers skillfully operate the doll and make it dance and perform the drama, which is breathtakingly beautiful. The movements of the dolls are so elaborate that you will feel as if a real man is acting as a doll.
source : nippon-kichi.jp

. . . CLICK here for Photos !

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source : blog.sadougu.net

Incence container 三番叟 香合
made by Nakamura Suiran 中村翠嵐 作

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. tsurushibina, tsurushi bina つるし雛 / 吊るし雛 small hanging hina dolls .

As a symbol for a happy event it is added to the dolls. Also with a wish for a good harvest and peace in the world.


source : blogs.yahoo.co.jp/yukio8600




CLICK for more photos !


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source : rakuten.co.jp

raku chawan 楽茶碗 tea cup with Sanbaso Monkey
by Yoshimura Rakunyuu 吉村楽入

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a fish called Sanbaso サンバソウ



Japanese parrot fish, Oplegnathus fasciatus

This is the young of the ishidai イシダイ, about 17 cm long. It tastes best during the winter time, the season of the Sanbaso dance.
And it looks striped, like the eboshi hat of the dancer - or so they say.



三番叟烏帽子 eboshi hat for the Sanbaso dance


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. . . CLICK here for Photos !

. Reference .

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Sanbaso Dance at Shrine Sobataka, near Narita
During the Shrine Festival on April 4.
This dance is designated an important intangible property of folk culture by Chiba prefecture and is performed as traditional for a rice growing culture in the style of a beautiful Noh play.
source : www.youtube.com


Nishi-Izu region:
shrine Ushigoe Jinja 牛越神社人形三番叟
shrine Shinmei Sha 神明社三番叟
shrine Sawa Jinja 佐波神社三番叟
source : nishiizu-kankou.com

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komazaru, koma no saru 狛猿 guardian monkey
doing the Sanbaso dance, keeping evil influence away

at
. Ootoyo Jinja 大豊神社 Otoyo Jinja .


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. sarumawashi 猿廻し (さるまわし) monkey dance performance .
kigo for the New Year




年迎ふ鈴を惜まず三番叟
toshi mukae suzu oshimazu sanbasoo

for the New Year
no bell is too expensive -
Sanbaso Monkey


Iijima Haruko 飯島晴子 (1921 - 2000)





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. Regional Folk Toys from Japan .

. Kyogen, kyoogen 狂言 .

. Sarugaku and Dengaku Dance .


. Tohoku after the BIG earthquake March 11, 2011

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2 comments:

origa said...

Domo arigato for this wonderful page with Sanbaso Monkeys, Gabi san! We need more auspicious dancing! And I have a warm spot in my heart for monkeys :)

Gabi Greve said...

Thank you, Origa san.
It was a joy to check out all these monkeys ... and there may be more to come, if I find the time.
.