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5/15/2011

. Okinawa Folk Toys

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Okinawa Folk Art - 沖縄県 



Capital is Naha 那覇.

Ryukyu Islands 琉球


yanbaru 山原 tropical forest in Okinawa main Island


Many toys from Okinawa carry a name given in the local dialect.
guu グヮー small

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- - - - - Museums of Okinawa
July 1936 : The Okinawa Folk Museum opened in the Shuri Castle Hokuden building, under the auspices of the Okinawa School Teachers’ Association.
The Shuri Tera-cho Museum Era
The Ishikawa-Higashionna Era
The Shuri Tonokura-cho Museum Era
The Shuri Onaka-cho Museum Era
The New Museum at Omoro-machi
- source : www.museums.pref.okinawa -

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. Daruma from Okinawa 沖縄のだるま
Utchiri Kubusaa ウッチリクブサー "Roly-poly Daruma Doll".

including the following topics
. Ryuukyuu hariko 琉球張子 Papermachee Dolls from Ryukyu
. だるま シーサー 金運 Daruma Shisa for luck with money - shiisaa, Shīsā
. Okinawa Bingata 沖縄紅型 colors and robes  
. Okinawa Pottery

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bashoofu 芭蕉布 Bashofu cloth from banana tree fiber



- reference -

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Ryuukyuu gangu 琉球玩具 Ryukyu Toys
One of Ryukyu's famous toys, the 'hariko', known as the bringer of good luck, is sold at the toy bazaar held on the day of the Yukkanuhi (the fourth day of the fifth month on the lunar calendar).

The skills for crafting the hariko were brought here from Japan after the 17th century. The original target for the hariko were children from upper-class families. By the Meiji period, though, the hariko had become a popular and affordable toy for the average child.

Okinawan hariko were influenced by the Ryukyu Kingdom, continental China, and by their own inland cultures. These multiple influences fused in the distinctive shapes and rich colors of the hariko.



Other Ryukyu toys, such as pinwheels made from the leaf of Adan, puppets made from the nut of the Sago palm, and butterfly-shaped kites also show the same subtle charm combined with various influences.

Over the times, plastic and tin toys replaced the popularity of the Ryukyu toys, though each toy still shows expression and tender warmness and is appreciated by many people.
- source : nippon-kichi.jp -


. ryuukyuu garasu 琉球硝子 Ryukyu glassware .


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adan ha saiku アダン葉細工 handicraft from Adan leaves
adan is a tropical tree growing in many parts of Okinawa.
The root is used to produce fibers.
Pandanus tectorius Soland. var. tectorius



... habu guu ハブグヮー small snake
Its little open mouth can be used to catch a finger.

... uma guu 馬グヮー small horse
... kajimayaa カジマヤー(風車)wind wheel

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chinchin uma guu チンチン馬グヮー small horses
tintin horse
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

The wooden horse is mounted on a box with wheels. It resembles the cart of the King of the Ryukyu empire. When the cart is moved, a device inside brings some strings to produce a sound - pinpin -. At the same time, the horse moves its head.
It is a kind of karakuri gangu からくり玩具 mechanical toy.

. Karakuri ningyoo からくり人形 mechanical dolls .


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fune, buni, bani - boats

haarii fune ハーリーふね Hari boat
dragon boat, for the famous boat race in summer
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

Yanbaru sen, Yanbaru bani 山原船 Yanbaru boat
. . . CLICK here for Photos !



kuba fune クバ船 Kuba boat




sabani サバニ boat for fishing


Peron Boat Race (peeron)

. haarii sen 爬龍船 ハーりーせん .
Dragon Boat Festival

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fuutan フータン butterfly toy
made from a plant called fuuchoosoo 風蝶草.


fuuchoosoo 風鳥草(ふうちょうそう)
Cleome gynandra. African cabbage
plant kigo for late summer

Cleome gynandra is considered an invasive weed in many places in the U.S. and elsewhere in the Pacific.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !

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mattaku マッタク / マツタク Mattaku kite



The shape and painting of this kite is geometrical pattern which we cannot find anywhere in Japan.
There were no specialist makers in Okinawa and people made their kites themselves. The Mattaku has four corners. The frame is made in a geometrical pattern.


. tako 凧 Kites of Japan - Introduction .

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Miruku Shin  ミルク神  Miroku Bosatsu figure
from Yaeyama
弥勒
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

14 July: Mushaama Festival.
On Hateruma Island, this harvest festival is celebrated during Obon. It features a parade of the local fertility god Miruku and his children (the local children), shishi ("lion") dances, and staff dances.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA - Yaeyama Islands!


Hateruma is famous for “Mushaama”,
a festival that occurs during the Obon period in Okinawa. Designated a National Important Intangible Folk Cultural Property, and held on July 14th of the lunar calendar, the Mushaama Festival combines Obon festivities with harvest festival ceremonies like the Miruku fertility deity parade. On this special day, islanders offer prayers to their ancestors and pray for their happiness, bountiful crops and big catch.

source : www.hirata-group.co.jp



ミルク面とミロク信仰 The Miruku belief
Festival Mushaama ムシャーマ
ミチジュネー Miroku procession
ミルクの仮面 masks of Miruku
本州の「ミロク歌」 Miroku Uta of Okinawa
source : hateruma


. Miroku Bosatsu 弥勒菩薩 .

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Ryuukyuu tsuchiningyoo 琉球土人形 clay dolls
with figures from the Ryukyu islands


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shishimeesaa, shishi meesaa シシメーサー lion dance

Like the chinchin horse, this is a mechanical toy which makes a sound. The lion opens and shuts its big red mouth.
The body is wrapped in a sash of five auspicious colors, for good luck.

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toogyuu 闘牛 fighting bulls


Okinawa papermachee doll 沖縄張り子


awamori 泡盛【激レア】闘牛 liquor clled "fighting bulls"
source : shop-okinawa

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uumen ウーメン(紙びな)hina dolls from paper
uumen baaku ウーメンバーク(ひな箱) box for hina dolls
The dolls are kept in the paper box. The dolls are made, one folded from white paper, like the ritual hitogata 人形 figures for purification, and the other from colored paper to make a pair.



hina dolls from Bingata material


. WKD : Hina Doll Festival (hina matsuri 雛祭り) .


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warazaiku  藁細工 straw art and handicraft

from Ishigaki Island 石垣島のわら細工
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

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yakaji ヤカジ arrow decoration
yakazu 「矢数」, ya kazari 「矢飾」

A pair of male-female dragons is facing each other at the bottom.
The main part is made from paper with five corners, to hold the weapons.
It was a present when a baby boy was born and decorated on the fourth of the fifth lunar month.

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The Ryukyuan religion is the indigenous belief system of the Ryukyu Islands.

Noro / Nūru priestesses ノロ(ヌル)
The noro or nūru priestesses are the oldest kaminchu in the Ryukyu Islands. They communicate with, make offerings to, and, at times, channel ancestors, local gods and more powerful deities. Their primary duty is to officiate at communitywide (that is, "official") festivals and rituals.
... According to George Kerr in his Okinawa: the History of an Island People, the noro was at one time a priestess-queen, wielding both political and spiritual power within her community.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !

shrines in their honor : noro miya (ノロ宮)

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. Reference and Photos . Gangu Guide .
. Reference and Photos : Isamu Folk Toys .
. Reference and Photos . Yama no Ie . Folk Toys .

- #okinawa #ryukyu #naha -
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. WASHOKU . Regional Dishes from Okinawa

MORE
. Okinawa Folk Toys - this BLOG .


. Japan after the BIG earthquake March 11, 2011


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1 comment:

Gabi Greve said...

Archival materials on Okinawan art,
collected by
Kamakura Hotaro, 鎌倉芳太郎(1898 - 1983年)
at the Okinawa Prefectural Fine Arts University:

http://www.ken.okigei.ac.jp/kamakura/
.