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3/10/2015

Kintaro Kintoku Ashigara

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Ashigara 足柄 - Kintaro 金太郎 "The Golden Boy" Kintoki 金時
源頼光と坂田金時 Minamoto Yorimitsu and Sakata Kintoki


Ashigara 足柄 is a famous mountain area near Odawara.
The Ashigara Checkpoint at the postal station of Hakone-juku on the historical Tōkaidō marks the beginning of Japan's Kantō region.
Since the Edo period, the Ashigara Checkpoint has been renamed Hakone Checkpoint.

CLICK for more photos !
- source : google images -

The Ashigara region is famous for the legend of Kintaroo 金太郎 Kintaro, the Golden Boy, also called Kintoki 金時.


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Kintarō (金太郎, often translated as"Golden Boy")
is a folk hero from Japanese folklore. A child of superhuman strength, he was raised by a mountain hag on Mount Ashigara. He became friendly with the animals of the mountain, and later, after catching Shutendouji, the terror of the region around Mount Ooe, he became a loyal follower of Minamoto no Yorimitsu under the new name Sakata Kintoki (坂 田公時). He is a popular figure in noh and kabuki drama, and it is a custom to put up a Kintarō doll on Boy's Day in the hope that boys will become equally brave and strong.

Kintarō is supposedly based on a real man, named Sakata Kintoki, who lived during the Heian period and probably came from what is now the city of Minami-ashigara. He served as a retainer for the samurai Minamoto no Yorimitsu and became well known for his abilities as a warrior. As with many larger-than-life individuals, his legend has grown with time.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


源頼光 Minamoto no Yorimitsu  (948 - 1021)
also known as Minamoto no Raikō, served the regents of the Fujiwara clan along with his brother Yorinobu, taking the violent measures the Fujiwara were themselves unable to take. He is one of the earliest Minamoto of historical note for his military exploits, and is known for quelling the bandits of Ōeyama.

His loyal service earned him the governorships of Izu Province, Kozuke and a number of others in turn, as well as a number of other high government positions. Yorimitsu served as commander of a regiment of the Imperial Guard, and as a secretary in the Ministry of War. When his father Minamoto no Mitsunaka died, he inherited Settsu Province.



Yorimitsu featured in a number of legends and tales, including the legend of Kintarō (Golden Boy aka Sakata no Kintoki), the legend of Shuten Dōji, and the legend of Tsuchigumo.

Raiko is usually accompanied by his four legendary retainers, known as the Shiten'ō 四天王 (The Four Guardian Kings). They were
Watanabe no Tsuna, Sakata no Kintoki, Urabe no Suetake, and Usui Sadamitsu.

- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


Minamoto no Raikō and
. Shuten-dōji (酒呑童子, also sometimes spelled 酒顛童子, 酒天童子, 朱点童子) .
the Sake Child Monster

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"Kin 金" means "Gold".
"Taro" is a very popular boy's name, meaning simply "Boy".
Therefore, "Kintaro" can be translated as "Golden Boy".

A long time ago around the 10th century, Kintoki Sakata was born in a small village near Mt. Kintoki and was called "Kintaro" in his boyhood.

 "Kintaro, wrestling with a bear....."
This is a passage of a popular children's song.


source : yajifun.tumblr.com/post/798169714
CLICK for more photos !

It is said that Kintaro took his first bath in the Yuhi-no-Taki Falls as a newborn baby, and played with animals around the "Kintaro Asobi-Ishi" (Play Rock) located a little downstream from the falls.

A strong boy, Kintaro could throw down a bear in "Sumo" wrestling. He was a chubby red skin boy and always carried a hatchet.

As he grew up, Kintaro became a retainer to the famous Samurai (warrior) Yorimitsu Minamoto. He changed his name to Kintoki Sakata and long enjoyed a reputation in history as one of Yorimitsu's four strongest retainers.


Kintaro at Ashigara mountain

Once upon a time,
there lived at Jizodo (a place name) a rich person called "Shiman-choja". He had a daughter. She was very beautiful, and a woman of great strength of character.

At that time、there also lived in today's Kaisei Town a powerful and influential Samurai (warrior) called Mr. Sakata. Mr. Sakata loved the daughter and decided to get married with her. Since her family was very rich, her wedding parade was luxurious and gorgeous, carrying trousseaus and gifts to her new family.

Unfortunately, for certain reasons, she was forced to go back to her native house at Jizodo, when she was pregnant. Soon after she got home, she had a rotund and bouncing baby boy. She named him "Kintaro". "Shiman-choja" family took very good care of "Kintaro".

"Kintaro" was a good, charming boy with clear eyes and rosy-cheeks. Strong and active boy from the beginning, Kintaro played as jumping up and down "Kabuto-ishi" rock and "Taiko-ishi" rock in the nearby rice field.

As he grew up, he became a bossy boy among children around and played all day long in the steep mountains such as Mt. Ashigara and Mt. Kintoki.

As he trained himself in the mountains, he became so strong that he could throw a bear, the strongest in the mountain forests, in "Sumo" wrestling.

Kintaro changed his name to "Kintoki" after grown up into a man. He became a big, strong and handsome young man, having a good reputation among surrounding villages.

Around that time, there lived in Kyoto, the capital, the strongest chief "Samurai" (warrior) called Yorimitsu Minamoto. He happened to come across to Ashigara pass area on his way back from eastern countries. When he and his troop of retainers came to Jizodo, they took a rest, and were surprised to find out Kintaro, a strong and good-looking young man in such a countryside.

Yorimitsu thought, "It must be by God's providence that I have met with this boy." and recommend him to become his retainer.
Kintoki was extremely happy and, no doubt, accepted Yorimitsu's offer to become a retainer of the most famous Samurai in Kyoto. Mr. Kintoki Sakata went up to Kyoto, studied harder, and trained himself in martial arts to become one of the four Yorimitsu's strongest retainers.

Even now, when a boy is born, parents decorate his room with "Kintaro" doll on May 5 (Boy's day: By the way, March 3 is Girl's day), expecting that he will have similar good luck to become "strong and gentle" Kintaro.
 © Minami-ashigara Homepage

- Read another version of the tale here:
The Adventures of Kintaro, the Golden Boy
by Yei Theodora Ozaki
- source : etc.usf.edu/lit2go -

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- quote -
金太郎の遊び石 The Kintaro no Asobi-ishi (play rocks)
The Kintaro Asobi-ishi is a pair of rocks located in Yagurasawa, Minami-Ashigara City, Kanagawa Pref. The smaller one is called “Kabuto-iwa (feudal helmet rock)” and the larger one is “Taiko-iwa (drum rock).” Both rocks were the garden stones placed in the residence of a rich man called Shiman-chojya.

Kintaro is said to have been brought up in this residence and played as jumping up and down these rocks.
The legend has it that Kintaro was such a strong boy that he could easily lift up these rocks and throw a bear in Sumo wrestling. It is said that he often enjoyed Sumo wrestling with mountain animals around these rocks, calling “Hakkeyoi! Nokotta!” Near these rocks remains a stone called “Koshikake-ishi (sitting stone),” on which his mother Yaegiri sat and waited for her son, being worried about his late return. Your imagination will be sparked in front of these legendary rocks.
- source : nippon-kichi.jp-


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source : asahi-net.or.jp/~um8d-tmzk/nakano003

Daruma daki Kintaroo だるま抱き金太郎 Kintaro holding Daruma san


Kintaro Daruma Doll from Saitama
Kasugabe Papermachee Doll 春日部張子


PHOTO : narumi Kintaro Collection



. Kintaro and Daruma san .

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source : Okuno on facebook

the legendary masakari マサカリ ax of Kintaro
at the shrine 公時神社 Kintoki Jinja in Hakone

公時神社(金時神社)



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This shrine is dedicated to one of the four great generals 四天王 of Minamoto no Yorimitsu, the great Sakata no Kintoki.
Every year there is a Kintoki Festival 「公時祭まつり」



At the side of the shrine is the acces to Mount Kintokisan 金時山, which is about 3 km uphill. Near the hilltop is another shrine for Kintoki san 公時神社奥の院, where the large masakari マサカリ ax of Kintoki is dedicated.
From the top of the mountain you can see Mount Fujisan, the Hakone mountain range and lake Ashinoko below.
- source : www.odakyu-hotel.co.jp


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source : rakuten.co.jp/loupe-studio

. Daruma Otoshi  だるま落とし hitting game .







source : www.iichi.com/listing

. Kokeshi with Daruma san だるま こけし .




source : swissfanclub-photo.blog.jp
CLICK for more Kintaro dolls !

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Model Warrior of Japan: Kintaro
(Yoshitsuya, 1856)



More prints about Kintaro !
..source: www.pinktentacle.com: Kintaro ukiyo-e prints


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source : free-artworks.gatag.net
阪田公時 源頼光 Sakata Kintoki and Minamoto Yorimitsu
by 月岡芳年 Tsukioka Yoshitoshi


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kara kintoki, kara-kintoki から金時
源頼光と坂田金時 Yorimitsu and Kintoki



. Kites from Nagasaki, Kyushu .


. Kintoki yoochoo 金時凧 / 金時ようちょう kite with Kintoki .
Hirado town 平戸, Kyushu


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酒呑童子と坂田公時 Shuten Doji and Sakata no Kintoki
painting for a Nebuta float.


source : nebuta-garou.tugaru1.com
CLICK for more nebuta photos !


. ねぶたダルマ Nebuta Festival in Aomori .


. Shuten Doji Shuten-dōji 酒呑童子 - Introduction .



. . . CLICK here for Photos of Sakata Kintoki 坂田公時 !

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source : Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
Kintoki and Demons Arm Wrestling
Toriyama Sekien (1712–1788),
signed: Nanajûnana ô Sekien giga 七十七翁石燕戯画, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

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Kappa, the Water Goblin, and Kintaro



source : マシリト博士

河童さんもーちょい低くして、その位置だと鼻への負担がハンパないわ



source : bokete.jp/boke/6167112
CLICK for more photos of this fight !

パンダが気円斬とか言って天狗を投げるのを阻止する金太郎達。河童はもう無理だと諦めた


Panda fighting with Kintaro and his animal friends


- KAPPA - 河童 / 合羽 / かっぱ / カッパ - ABC-Index -


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Kintaro, the Strong Boy with a Carp 金太郎と鯉


. . . CLICK here for more Photos :金太郎と鯉 人形 !

. Carp dolls and toys 鯉 koi .


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With the wish for good health for the child to grow up to be a healthy person.
. tsurushibina つるし雛 / 吊るし雛 small hanging hina dolls .

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. Haiku about Mount Ashigara .
- Matsuo Basho
- Kobayashi Issa


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. Join the MINGEI group on facebook ! .  



. Regional Folk Toys from Japan .

. Japan - Shrines and Temples .


. Tohoku after the BIG earthquake March 11, 2011

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2 comments:

Gabi Greve - Darumapedia said...

源頼光 Minamoto no Yorimitsu - Raikō (948 - 1021)
a hero fighting Shuten dōji 酒呑童子
as
Otsu-E 大津絵 Paintings from Otsu

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https://kappapedia.blogspot.jp/2017/03/demon-legends-otsu.html
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Gabi Greve said...

Nagahama ningyoo 長浜人形 / 長浜土人形 clay dolls from Nagahama
This region is famous for its contact with Korea since ancient times. Nagahama dolls have a history of more than 400 years, when Korean craftsmen came to Japan. They used the localclay to make these dolls. Topics are dolls for the Girls and Boys festival, Nagahama Tenjin sama, the 12 zodiac animals and others.

釣鐘抱え金時 Kintoki carrying a temple bell

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https://omamorifromjapan.blogspot.jp/2011/07/shimane-folk-toys.html
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