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11/02/2011

Ishoo Costume Dolls

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Ishoo ningyoo 衣裳人形 Isho Ningyo, Costume Dolls
dolls with robes
ishoo bina 衣装雛 Isho-bina dolls

bijin ningyoo 美人人形 dolls of beautiful ladies

They come in various forms, like beautiful ladies in the robes of various historical periods, Kabuki and Noh actors and even as small amulets to protect children from illness.


source : oyik.tumblr.com
made by Hirata Goyo 平田郷陽 Hirata Gooyoo (1903 - 1981), one of the most famous doll makers of his time, and a Living National Treasure since 1955.

Simple ones were ment to play with (play dolls) and came with a set of robes and wigs. They could be enjoyed all year long, also on display, since they did not belong to any special seasonal festival, like the Hina and Musha dolls.

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Takeda ningyoo 竹田人形 Takeda dolls
made in Osaka

Takeda dolls are named after the Takeda-za (Takeda Karakuri), a mechanical puppet theater founded in Osaka in 1662. The are based on theater performances and were used as advertisements or souvenirs from the theater. Early dolls from the Edo period (around 1800) have a solid wood heads rather than later papier-mâché, or ceramic. They have flimsy torsos of straw and paper.

The dolls often depict historical and mythical figures in dramatic (often fighting) stances and poses with exaggerated facial features, and dramatic billowing costumes. The head, hands and feet are often held in sharp angles. Supports are required due to their dramatic, unbalanced poses. Takeda dolls are mounted on an elaborately decorated, lacquered base. Many box shaped bases have an embroidered panel (using orange and gold thread) framed in the middle of a cut-out.
Older Edo dolls are dressed in rich textiles: crepe and brocade (primarily red and green). They are also larger (up to 24" tall) than the later dolls.
source : lotzdollpages.com




Japanese pair of Takeda Ningyo depicting two actors from a Kabuki play with brocade costumes and exaggerated positions, complimentary embroidered chirimen sleeves, one with a carp leaping from the waves and the other with an anchor and waves, one holds a spear the other a bow and fan with paper wave stage prop in the foreground.
source : lasieexotique.com


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quote
Fashion dolls
have been produced since at least the 18th century in Japan; dolls representing the activites of daily life, Ukiyo or "the floating world." Such dolls may be called isho ningyo (or isho-bina), "costume dolls" representing various aspects of daily life, humble as well as romantic.

This type is usually fixed in a pose on a platform; they are sometimes referred to as Kyoto ningyo, according to Gribbins, Japanese Antique Dolls.

Among the dolls of this type were some that had wigs -either a wig shop of which the doll was proprietor, or wigs for a doll, male or female, meant to represent an actor changing characters (including a man playing a woman). A common souvenir set in the 1960s was a small wooden doll with a set of 6 wigs and explanations of the different hairstyles appropraite to a young girl and woman at different stages of her life; these were sold both in Japan and in the U.S.
source : Judy Shoaf

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- quote
Edo Ishogi Ningyo 江戸衣裳着人形 Costumed Dolls from Edo

■ Traditional Technologies and Techniques
1- 頭・胴体・手足 - The head, the body and limbs of Edo Ishogi Ningyo (costumed dolls) are built up by the application of five or more layers of gofun 胡粉 (crushed seashell power).
2- 面相描き - When painting the facial features, as the eyes are drawn, the eyelashes and mouth are added.
3- 胴組み - The limbs are connected to the body using wire.
4- 着せ付け - Dolls are fitted either directly with a kimono costume, or with a kimono costume that has been backed with Japanese paper. Costumes are padded using cotton or wood wool.



Traditionally Used Raw Materials
The wood used in both toso (a resin compound) and in wood carvings is Paulownia.
桐塑(とうそ)及び木彫に使用する用材は、キリ
Rice straw is used to fill the body cavity of dolls.
胴に使用するワラは稲ワラ等。
The hair is made either of fine silk threads or human hair.
髪に使用する糸は絹糸(スガ)、または毛は人毛
Costumes are made from silk, cotton or hemp textiles.
着せ付けに使用する生地は、絹織物、綿織物または麻織物

History and Characteristics
Even in modern times, the seasonal festival that falls on March 3rd (Girls’ Day) is an important annual event.

In that another name for this festival is the “Hina Matsuri” (the Dolls’ Festival); it is a traditional event in which Hina Ningyo (Hina dolls) play a central role.

Hina Ningyo roots in Japanese culture are very old, there even being references to them in the Genji Monogatari 源氏物語 (The Tale of Genji), a literary classic written by Lady Murasaki Shikibu in the early years of the 11th century. Early on, such dolls were an amusement limited to small circles of people such as the Kyoto aristocracy. However, as the nation entered the Edo Period (1603-1868), greater social stability saw a doll culture diffuse among the masses.

Concerning dolls in Edo, it is said that the opening of a dolls' market at Jukendana 十軒店 during the Genroku Era (1688-1704) during the time of Tsunayoshi (the 5th Tokugawa Shogun) provided a great boost in production.

Jukendana is located in modern Chuo Ward in the vicinity of Nihonbashi-Muromachi. Remaining records indicate that the area was very lively in the old days.

In addition to the Hina Ningyo of the Girls’ Day Festival in March, Edo Ishogi Ningyo (costumed dolls) are also produced as Musha Ningyo 武者人形 (military dolls) for festivals in May and Oyama Ningyo 尾山人形 (dolls representing female kabuki roles). There are also Kabuki Ningyo 歌舞伎人形 (Kabuki dolls), Ichimatsu Ningyo 市松人形 (depictions of small children), and Gosho Ningyo 御所人形(imperial dolls), etc.

Doll limbs and heads are joined to bodies made from gofun and straw, a doll then being completed by the fitting of a costume. Before completion, however, more than 100 processes have to be carefully carried out.

Concerning modern Ichimatsu Ningyo, they are said to derive from a young doll that was based on the Osaka Kabuki actor Sanogawa Ichimatsu (1722-1762), who experienced explosive popularity around the middle of the Edo Period.

What is distinctive about Edo Ishogi Ningyo (costumed dolls) is said to be their beauty and cuteness. These attributes leverage current sensibilities while also being faithful to technologies and techniques that have continued since the Edo Period. It is also felt that these dolls will continue to work their way into the hearts of future generations.

Tokyo Hina Doll Cooperative Association
- source : www.sangyo-rodo.metro.tokyo.jp


. Traditional Crafts of Tokyo and Edo .

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. Gosho Ningyo 御所人形 Palace Dolls .


. Kohagi ningyoo 小萩人形 small dolls from Hagi, Yamaguchi .


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. . . CLICK here for isho doll Photos !

. Reference .






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. Regional Folk Toys from Japan .


. Tohoku after the BIG earthquake March 11, 2011

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