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Tomobiki Ningyo



Tomobiki Ningyo 友引人形
doll to put in a coffin

funeral doll

Tomobiki, lit. "to draw friends toward you"
is a day in the Chinese calendar according to the
onmyodo 陰陽道 philosophy.

友引, also read as yuuin
It reminded the people of Edo of the sound of

yuuren 留連(りゅうれん)reluctant to leave

On this day of tomobiki,
your own bad luck will affect your friends.

If a person dies on this day, relatives put a special doll into the coffin to take on the bad luck and accompany his soul instead of real friends.

In that way these dolls work as a kind of migawari 身代わり personal substitute.

source : ceremony

Here is a small wooden doll on the coffin.

. . . CLICK here for Photos !

Ichimatsu ningyo dolls 市松人形 were also put into a coffin.
. Ichimatsu Ningyoo 市松人形 Ichimatsu dolls .

Especially when a women died during the New Year festivities, tomobiki dolls were put on her coffin. It could be dolls that were in the family possession for a long time, dolls liked by the women or special dolls for this purpose, often little Jizo Bosatsu figures.
Nowadays photos of her family are also put into the coffin to prevent her from feeling lonely in the other world.


Fushimi Clay Dolls 伏見土人形

More RED dolls as Fushimi clay dolls 伏見土人形
source : hushimi


The rokuyō (六曜) rokuyoo, rokuyo
are a series of six days that supposedly predict whether there will be good or bad fortune during that day. The rokuyō are still commonly found on Japanese calendars and are often used to plan weddings and funerals, though most people ignore them in ordinary life. The rokuyō are also known as the rokki (六輝). In order, they are:

先勝 Senshō

Good luck before noon, bad luck after noon. Good day for beginnings (in the morning).

友引 Tomobiki

Bad things will happen to your friends. Funerals avoided on this day (tomo = friend, biki = pull, thus a funeral might pull friends toward the deceased).
Typically crematoriums are closed this day.

先負 Senbu

Bad luck before noon, good luck after noon.

仏滅 Butsumetsu

Symbolizes the day Buddha died. Considered the most unlucky day. Weddings are best avoided. Some Shinto shrines close their offices on this day.

大安 Taian
The most lucky day. Good day for weddings and events like shop openings.

赤口 Shakkō
The hour of the horse (11 am–1 pm) is lucky. The rest is bad luck.

The rokuyō days are easily calculated from the Japanese Lunisolar calendar.
Lunisolar January 1 is always senshō, with the days following in the order given above until the end of the month. Thus, January 2 is tomobiki, January 3 is senbu, and so on. Lunisolar February 1 restarts the sequence at tomobiki. Lunisolar March 1 restarts at senbu, and so on for each month.
The last six months repeat the patterns of the first six, so July 1 = senshō, December 1 is shakkō and the moon-viewing day of "August 15th" is always a "butsumetsu."

This system did not become popular in Japan until the end of the Edo period.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


O-Jizo sama is also used as a companion in the coffin.

. Jizoo Bosatsu (Kshitigarbha) 地蔵菩薩 .


tomobiki dolls -
how many do we need
for Tohoku ?

. Japan after the BIG earthquake March 11, 2011


Korean tradition represented by cultural exhibit of funeral dolls, ceramics
Historic, contemporary Korean traditions are represented by artistic celebrations of daily life
The commemoration of death through art does not typically call to mind a vivid array of colors, the hint of a smile or the notion of a joyful dance. Even so, the “Korean Funerary Figures: Companions for the Journey to the Other World” exhibit at the Fowler Museum do just that.

These funeral dolls, known as “kkoktu,” are meant to represent the Korean culture’s notion that happiness must pervade the dead as they enter the next world.
According to Kim, unlike other cultures that sought to honor only the deaths of the wealthiest, Korean culture used the kkoktu as a part of ordinary life.

Thus, some of the figurines are depicted in the typical costumes and poses of Korean village life, while other, more mystical creatures and acrobats represent Korean traditions.
source : www.dailybruin.com, August 2010

Korean Funerary Figures:
Companions for the Journey to the Other World

Koreans have a tradition of creating charming and festively painted wooden dolls. But rather than being placed in a toy box, these joyful figurines of clowns, tigers and acrobats adorn coffins. See seventy-four Korean funeral dolls, known as kkoktu most carved in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuriesand learn about their rich cultural and spiritual meaning. Their costumes and poses reflect the realities of rural Korean village life during a period for which few written records remain.
More importantly, the kkoktu are a window on a timeless, characteristically Korean attitude towards death. Though the kkoktus gaiety seems incongruous with mourning, they express a cultures deep desire that the dead enter the next world surrounded by joy and its appreciation of the fleeting nature of all experience.
Fowler Museum at UCLA, August 15, 2010 - November 28, 2010
source : www.experiencela.com


Tomobiki dolls for children, so as NOT to take any of their friends alive with them.
. Akakeshi 赤芥子 Red Poppies Dolls .



1 comment:

facebook said...

tomobiki dolls
how many did we use
for fukushima?